Blue Birds in Georgia: A Guide for Bird Lovers

Georgia is home to many beautiful blue birds, offering a vibrant display of colors in the state’s open areas, forest edges, and backyards. If you enjoy bird watching or simply have a curiosity about these avian wonders, this guide covers some of the most common blue birds in Georgia.

1. Eastern Bluebird

The Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis) is a small bird with a vibrant blue back, rust-colored chest, and white belly. They prefer open areas and can often be found near golf courses and grassy areas. These birds thrive during the breeding season and are a common sight around bird feeders filled with sunflower seeds or near bluebird boxes.

  1. Diet: Eastern Bluebirds primarily eat insects and berries.
  2. Nesting: They often use nest boxes, and both the male and female participate in building the nest.
  3. Habitat: They prefer open areas with sparse vegetation and often perch on fence posts.

Eastern Bluebirds hold the honor of being the state bird of Georgia. Their presence brings joy to bird watchers and enthusiasts alike, especially when spotted near bluebird boxes or perched atop pine trees.


2. Blue Jay

The Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata) is a medium-sized bird known for its striking blue plumage and white underparts. With a long tail and a distinctive white stripe across its wings, Blue Jays are common backyard birds seen during the winter months. They are particularly fond of open woodlands and can be a bit territorial during the breeding season.

  1. Mimicry: Blue Jays are known for their ability to mimic the calls of other birds, especially hawks.
  2. Acorns: They play a crucial role in spreading oak trees by storing acorns.
  3. Intelligence: Blue Jays are highly intelligent and have been observed using tools to obtain food.


3. Purple Martin

The Purple Martin ( Progne subis) is the largest of the swallow family, with a glossy blue-black color. They often gather in large flocks around open areas and are known for using nest boxes set up by bird enthusiasts. These migratory birds are a common sight in southern Georgia during the summer months.

  1. Housing: Purple Martins in the eastern United States rely heavily on man-made nest boxes.
  2. Diet: They primarily feed on flying insects.
  3. Migration: They are long-distance migrants, traveling to South America for the winter.


4. White-Breasted Nuthatch

white-breasted nuthatch

The White-Breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis) is a small bird with a white belly, blue/gray feathers and a distinctive black cap. A frequent visitor to bird feeders in Georgia, they are also seen in forest edges and open woodlands. With their unique habit of moving headfirst down tree trunks, these birds are a delight to watch as they search for insects. They often forage on tree trunks and branches, probing for insects in the bark.

  1. Upside Down: White-Breasted Nuthatches can climb down trees headfirst, a unique ability among birds.
  2. Diet: They eat insects and seeds, often storing seeds in tree bark.
  3. Voice: They have a distinctive, nasal “yank-yank” call.


5. Indigo Bunting


The Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea) is a small, vibrant blue bird often seen in open areas and along forest edges. The adult males are a deep blue color during the breeding season, while females and young birds are brown. These birds are common backyard visitors and are often attracted to bird feeders with seeds.

  1. Molting: Male Indigo Buntings are bright blue during the breeding season and turn brown in the winter.
  2. Song: They learn their song from neighboring males.
  3. Migration: They migrate at night, using the stars to navigate.


6. Little Blue Heron

The Little Blue Heron ( Egretta caerulea) is a medium-sized wading bird commonly found in wetland areas. As juveniles, they are white, but they gradually transition to a dark blue color. They are often spotted near ponds and marshes throughout the state of Georgia.

  1. Color Change: Juvenile Little Blue Herons are white, while adults are blue-gray.
  2. Diet: They feed on small fish, frogs, and insects.
  3. Foraging: They forage slowly and methodically, often standing still for long periods.


7. Blue Grosbeak

The Blue Grosbeak (Passerina caerulea) is a small bird with a robust build, characterized by its deep blue plumage, thick bill, and chestnut wing bars. These birds are often seen in grassy brushy areas as well as open woodlands, particularly during the breeding season.

  1. Molting: Adult males are deep blue, while females and immature males are brown.
  2. Diet: They eat insects, seeds, and grains.
  3. Song: Their song is a musical warble.


7. Belted Kingfisher

The Belted Kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon) is a medium-sized bird with a distinctive blue-gray color and a white belly. They are often seen near bodies of water, using their long tail to balance as they dive for fish. These birds are a common sight along rivers and streams throughout Georgia.

  1. Fishing: Belted Kingfishers dive headfirst into the water to catch fish.
  2. Burrows: They nest in burrows dug into banks or cliffs.
  3. Sexual Dimorphism: Females are more colorful than males, which is unusual among birds.


8. Black-Throated Blue Warbler

The Black-Throated Blue Warbler (Setophaga caerulescens)  is a small, agile bird with a black throat and a striking blue plumage. They prefer forested areas and are often seen during their migratory period. The male bluebirds are particularly distinctive with their deep blue color.

  1. Sexual Dimorphism: Male Black-Throated Blue Warblers are blue, while females are olive green.
  2. Breeding: They prefer dense understory in deciduous forests for breeding.
  3. Migration: They migrate from North America to the Caribbean and Central America.


9. Cerulean Warbler

The Cerulean Warbler (Setophaga cerulea) is a small, vibrant blue bird known for its clear, cerulean color. These birds prefer tall forests and are often seen in the higher canopy layers. They are a delight for bird watchers who frequent the state’s wooded areas.

  1. Habitat: Cerulean Warblers prefer tall, mature forests.
  2. Decline: Their populations have declined due to habitat loss.
  3. Song: Their song is a rapid series of buzzy notes.


10. Blue-Gray Gnatcatcher

The Blue-Gray Gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea) is a small, slender bird with a blue-gray color and white underparts. They are often seen flitting about in open woodlands and along forest edges, particularly during the summer months.

  1. Nest: Blue-gray gnatcatchers build small, cup-shaped nests using spider silk.
  2. Diet: They feed on small insects, often seen flitting about trees.
  3. Tail: They have a distinctive black and white tail which they flick frequently.


11. Great Blue Heron

Standing tall with its long legs and dagger-like bill, the Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias) is a large wading bird with a majestic blue-gray color. They are common in wetland areas and are often seen fishing in shallow waters. These birds are a common sight in wetlands throughout Georgia and are known for their graceful flight.

  1. Size: Great Blue Herons are the largest herons in North America.
  2. Diet: They primarily eat fish, but also hunt amphibians and small mammals.
  3. Nesting: They nest in colonies, often in trees near water.


12. Tree Swallow

The Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) is a small bird with a glossy blue-green color and white underparts. They are often seen around open areas and wetlands during the summer months. These birds are cavity nesters and are often attracted to bluebird boxes.

  1. Nesting: Tree Swallows use natural cavities or nest boxes.
  2. Diet: They feed on flying insects, often over water.
  3. Iridescence: Their blue-green feathers are highly iridescent.


13. Barn Swallow

The Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica) is a small bird with a distinctive blue back and long, forked tail. They are commonly found near bodies of water and are known for their graceful aerial acrobatics. They are often seen in large flocks during migration, especially around barns and open areas.

  1. Nesting: Barn Swallows build mud nests, often on human structures.
  2. Migration: They migrate to Central and South America for the winter.
  3. Diet: They feed on flying insects and are often seen skimming over water.


14. Painted Bunting

The Painted Bunting (Passerina ciris) is a stunning bird known for its vibrant colors. The male is one of the most colorful songbirds in North America, with a blue head, green back, red underparts, and a mix of vibrant hues. In Georgia, these birds are typically found in the coastal regions and some parts of the southeastern interior during their breeding season, which usually spans from late spring to early summer.

  1. Habitat: Painted buntings favor shrubby and brushy habitats close to the coast, often found in thickets, woodland edges, and overgrown fields.
  2. Diet: They feed on seeds, insects, and caterpillars, which they find in their shrubby habitats.
  3. Behavior: They are often shy and elusive, making them a challenge to spot despite their bright colors.

In Georgia, the Painted Bunting is considered a prized sighting among birdwatchers, adding to the state’s reputation as a haven for avian enthusiasts. Their presence serves as a reminder of the importance of preserving habitat diversity and maintaining conservation efforts to protect not only the Painted Bunting but all of Georgia’s diverse bird species.


15. Purple Gallinule

The Purple Gallinule (Porphyrio martinicus) is a striking and colorful bird that can be found in the marshes, wetlands, and swampy areas of Georgia. Known for its vibrant plumage and distinctive red bill with a yellow tip, the Purple Gallinule is a sight to behold. Its body is adorned with hues of purple, blue, green, and even a touch of orange, making it a standout among the more subdued colors of its wetland habitat.

1. Diet: Purple gallinules are omnivorous, feeding on a variety of plant matter, seeds, fruits, insects, snails, and small aquatic animals.

2. Habitat: Thrive in freshwater marshes, swamps, and ponds with dense vegetation. They are often found in areas with water lilies, lotus, and other aquatic plants. They are also present in coastal marshes, where they navigate through the dense vegetation in search of food.

3. Nesting: Purple gallinules build their nests in dense marsh vegetation, usually over water. The nests are constructed from plant materials and are well-hidden among the reeds and cattails.

In Georgia, the Purple Gallinule is considered a symbol of the state’s diverse wetland ecosystems. Birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts flock to locations such as the Okefenokee Swamp and the coastal marshes to catch a glimpse of this captivating bird in its natural habitat.


16. blue-headed vireo

The Blue-headed Vireo (Vireo solitarius) is a small, migratory songbird that graces Georgia with its presence during the winter months. Despite its name, the Blue-headed Vireo’s head is more accurately described as gray-blue, with a distinct white eyering that contrasts beautifully with its dark eye.

  1. Diet: These vireos primarily feed on insects, spiders, and other small invertebrates. They also consume berries and other small fruits, especially during migration
  2. Behavior: Blue-headed vireos are active foragers, often seen moving methodically through the foliage in search of food.
  3. Habitat: Blue-headed vireos prefer deciduous and mixed forests with a good understory. They are often found in woodlands, forest edges, and areas with dense foliage.


Blue-headed Vireos are known for their sweet, melodious songs, which echo through the forest canopy as they search for food or establish territories. Their calls are a welcome sound in Georgia’s woodlands during the quieter winter months.

Where to see Blue Birds in Georgia

Georgia offers numerous great spots to see blue birds. Here are some popular locations where you can catch a glimpse of these beautiful birds:

  1. Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge
    Located in central Georgia, this refuge offers a mix of open areas, forest edges, and wetlands, making it ideal for seeing various bird species, including Eastern Bluebirds, Blue Jays, and Indigo Buntings.
  2. Callaway Gardens
    This resort and garden in Pine Mountain, Georgia, is known for its beautiful landscape and bird-watching opportunities. The gardens provide ample open spaces and wooded areas, perfect for spotting Blue Grosbeaks, Eastern Bluebirds, and Blue Jays.
  3. Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge
    In southern Georgia, Okefenokee provides vast wetlands and open areas where you can see birds like the Great Blue Heron, Little Blue Heron, and Belted Kingfisher.
  4. Chattahoochee Nature Center
    This nature center offers a beautiful setting along the Chattahoochee River. It’s an excellent spot for observing Blue Jays, Eastern Bluebirds, and other blue-colored bird species.
  5. Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park
    Near Atlanta, this historic site and natural area offers open woodlands and grassy areas where you can spot Eastern Bluebirds, Blue Jays, and Blue-Gray Gnatcatchers.
  6. Savannah National Wildlife Refuge
    Near Savannah, this refuge offers wetland habitats ideal for viewing a variety of bird species, including the Little Blue Heron, Great Blue Heron, and Belted Kingfisher.
  7. Cumberland Island National Seashore
    Off the coast of Georgia, Cumberland Island offers a unique mix of maritime forests, wetlands, and beaches, where you can see bluebirds, including Indigo Buntings and various species of swallows.
  8. Jekyll Island
    This coastal barrier island is a great place to see Blue Jays, Eastern Bluebirds, and other blue-colored birds during the winter months, particularly around golf courses and open areas.

These locations offer diverse habitats, making them ideal for spotting a variety of blue bird species in Georgia.


For more birdwatching in Georgia see our articles on backyard birds, ducks, owls, hawks, blackbirds, and woodpeckers.

Georgia’s blue birds, ranging from the vibrant Eastern Bluebird to the majestic Great Blue Heron, offer bird watchers and nature enthusiasts a colorful array of sights to enjoy. The North American Bluebird Society has more details about blue birds across America.

With their variety of habitats, these birds can be found throughout the state, whether you’re in a city park, a forest edge, or by a quiet stream. So, grab your binoculars, set up your bird feeders, and enjoy the delightful display of these beloved bluebirds in the state of Georgia.

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